Asserbo
Consulting S.A.,

Es una firma consultora establecida en Nicaragua. Nuestra Misión es trabajar con instituciones del sector público y privado para manejar los retos y opciones creadas por las crecientes presiones sobre los recursos naturales y el creciente riesgo ambiental.

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Environmental Concerns Increasing Infectious Disease in Amphibians, Other Animals

ScienceDaily (July 18, 2012) — Climate change, habitat destruction, pollution and invasive species are all involved in the global crisis of amphibian declines and extinctions, researchers suggest in a new analysis, but increasingly these forces are causing actual mortality in the form of infectious disease.

Amphibians are now, and always have been hosts for a wide range of infectious organisms, including viruses, bacteria and fungi, scientists said in a review published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.

But in recent decades, disease seems to have taken a more prominent role in causing mortality. Because of multiple stresses, many induced by humans, amphibians now succumb to diseases they may historically have been better able to resist or tolerate.

Presidential advisor Paul Oquist: Nicaragua can't wait on climate change

Nicaragua's "green revolution" is about merging national development planning with disaster planning, according to presidential advisor Paul Oquist. Part III in a special series on Nicaragua's renewable energy revolution.

There's a lot of hot air in Nicaragua these days, and some of it's due to global warming.

Over the past 50 years, Nicaragua's average temperature has increased by three degrees centigrade. Farmers and meteorologists have noticed a marked change in seasonal temperatures and rain cycles, and government officials say climate change is already costing the country hundreds of millions of dollars a year in lost crops and disaster response.

"Since 2006, we are losing $200 million a year in lost agro-production due to climate change," says Dr. Paul Oquist, President Daniel Ortega's private advisor for national development policies and the Sandinistas' representative to world climate change forums. "That's 9% of what's been planted each year. So our development in Nicaragua is already being affected by climate change."

"This would have major implications for all the crops," Oquist said. "Take coffee: In Nueva Segovia, Jinotega and Matagalpa, the band where you produce high-quality coffee is now 1,300 meters above sea level. If the temperature rises, you go to 1,350 meters, and then 1,400, then 1,500…and the mountains are not that high here. Eventually, you run out of mountain and you run out of the coffee industry."

Brazil, Nicaragua and Panama best suited to attract low-carbon energy investment in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Forthcoming MIF-Bloomberg New Energy Finance report assesses the investment climate for climate change-related investment across Latin America and the Caribbean.

Brazil, Nicaragua and Panama have the most suitable environment for climate-related investments in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to a preview of the Climatescope 2012, an upcoming report and index developed by the Multilateral Investment Fund in partnership with clean energy market research firm Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

Climatescope profiles 26 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean and evaluates their ability to attract capital for low-carbon energy sources while building a greener economy. The study will measure 30 indicators to assess the climate for climate-related investments in the region.

Preliminary findings of the study will be presented during the IDB annual meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay. Brazil, Nicaragua and Panama, respectively, received the highest Climatescope scores.

Video on Climate Change

Climate change predictions by the Ministry of National Resources and the Environment (MARENA) indicate that within this century rainfall will decline by an average of 30%, and temperatures rise by 1-2oC. A good legal framework already exists with laws to govern conservation, forestry and the environment but there has been ineffective regulation in the past. There requires more political will to intervene and create a synergy among institutions to better coordinate efforts against climate change.

Nicaragua's greatest contribution to climate change is the advance of livestock grazing in agriculture. From 2003, Nicaragua ceased to be a recipient of contaminating gases and became an emitter. A traditional practice has been turning forests into pasture for cattle. Cattle emit huge quantities of CO2 and methane into the atmosphere.

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